Critical thinking is not synonymous with being negative and critical.

It can involve criticising an argument, but it’s more than that, it’s thoughtfully reasoned consideration.

It can be defined as examining your own ideas, and those of others; assessing and synthesising these different ideas and arguments; and applying ideas in different contexts.

Think critically when reading, note taking, writing assignments, preparing for exams, organising your time and attending or watching lectures and tutorials.

Watch the video to understand the purpose and value of critical thinking.

Steps to critical thinking

When making a decision—for example, which university to attend—follow these seven steps:

  1. Analyse and interpret the question—for example, Which university should I attend?
  2. Immerse yourself in the topic—for example, find information about different universities.
  3. Ask questions—for example, ask questions about services, programs of study and potential career paths.
  4. Make links—for example, make a link between Griffith University and its impact on a future career in education.
  5. Understand the different perspectives—for example, synthesise information from a range of sources, such as open days, guidance counsellors, current students and professionals in the field.
  6. Understand the theoretical frameworks—for example, familiarise yourself with relevant terminology and concepts, such as undergraduate, postgraduate, entry requirements and prerequisites.
  7. Develop a position and arguments to support it—for example, make an informed decision about which university to attend.

Watch Five tips to improve your critical thinking (Youtube) to learn more.

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