This guide will assist you in understanding how to reference for your assignment. It contains examples to help you format your in-text citations and reference list.
The American Psychological Association 7th edition (APA 7) is an author-date style, meaning in-text citations (author, year) are used to acknowledge the author(s) of ideas and quotes you have included in the body of your assignment. The details of these citations are then included in a reference list, organised alphabetically, at the end of your assignment.
APA 7 examples
Title of Diagram/Map/Chart/Plot/Photo/Image
Note. Brief description of the contents of the figure. Adapted from "Title: Subtitle", by A. A. Author, & B. B. Author, Source Title, Page, Year (https://xxxx). Copyright Year by the Publisher name.
Map of Australia
Note. This map highlights where the state of Queensland is within Australia. From Maps of Australia, 2008, (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Maps_of_Australia). In the public domain.
Title of Table
Note. Brief description of the contents of the table. From "Title: Subtitle", by A. A. Author, & B. B. Author, Year, Source Title, Page (https://xxxx). Copyright Year by the Publisher name.
Note. Error rates shown for surveyed groups. From "Generations" by L. G. Elias and C. C. Bent, 2002, Journal of Geriatric Care, 5(4), 22. Copyright 2020 by Generation Publishing.
Acknowledge authors using the following formats:
- Author (Year) expresses the idea....
- ....paraphrased idea sentence (Author, Year)
- ....paraphrased idea sentence (Author & Author, Year).
- Fetherston (2007) expresses the idea...
- Teachers help each student with their individual interpretation of understanding (Fetherston, 2007).
- Australia's higher education sector is known for providing students with training that is relevant to their future profession (Bohm & Chaudhri, 2000).
- Author (Year) "text of direct quote" (Page).
- "text of direct quote" (Author & Author, Year, Page).
- Fetherston (2007) claims that teachers "suggest ways of looking at the new material" (p. 61).
- Australia has a "reputation for delivering industry-focused education and training" (Bohm & Chaudhri, 2010, p. 171).
- When acknowledging multiple authors in the text of a sentence precede the final name with the word "and"
- When acknowledging multiple authors in the parentheses and reference list precede the final name with an ampersand "&"
Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 No 42 (NSW) s 36AA (Austl.). https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/#/view/act/1983/42/part2/div2/sec36aa
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Research and experimental development, higher education organisations, Australia, 2016 (Catalogue No. 8111.0). https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8111.0
Britten, B. (Composer), Piper, M. (Librettist), & Matthews, C. (Piano reduction). (1975). Death in Venice: An opera in two acts, Op.88 [Vocal score]. Faber Music.
Ellis, A. (2004). Reflections on rational-emotive therapy. In M. J. Mahoney (Ed.), Cognitive and constructive psychotherapies: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 69-73). Springer. http://portal.igpublish.com/iglibrary/obj/SPCB0000565
Griffith University Library [@GriffithLibrary]. (2019, August 6). First trimester student [Tweet]. Twitter. Retrieved December 19, 2019, from https://twitter.com/griffithlibrary
Higher education in Australia: The facts. (2004). Business/Higher Education Round Table.
Mantie, R. (2013). A comparison of "popular music pedagogy" discourses. Journal of Research in Music Education, 61(3), 334-352. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022429413497235
Mitleton-Kelly, E., Paraskevas, A., & Day, C. (Eds.). (2018). Handbook of research methods in complexity science: Theory and applications. Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781785364426
Queensland Health. (2015). The Hunter Review: Review of the Department of Health's structure, governance arrangements and high level organisational capability. https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/439012/hunter-review-report.pdf
Quinnan. T. (1997). Adult students "at-risk": Culture bias in higher education (2nd ed.). Bergin & Garvey. http://www.netlibrary.com
Severin, A. (2016, September 13). Medical animation: Peritoneal dialysis [Video]. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/182605222
Sherren, K. (2006). Pillars of society: The historical context for sustainability and higher education in Australia. In W. Filho & D. Carpenter (Eds.), Sustainability in the Australasian university context (pp. 11-32). Peter Lang.
Skenderian, J. J., Siegel, J. T., Crano, W. D., Lac, A., & Alvaro, E. E. (2008). Expectancy change and adolescents' intentions to use marijuana. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22(3), 563-569. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013020
Vessenes, P. M. (2001). Delegation of authority. Journal of Financial Planning, 14(8), 42-45. https://www.onefpa.org/journal/Pages/default.aspx
Watson, J. (2012). Human caring science: A theory of nursing (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
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