This guide will assist you in understanding how to reference for your assignment. It contains examples to help you format your in-text citations and reference list.
Vancouver is a numbered style, meaning in-text citations are represented by a number (1), (3), (5) or (2-4, 8) and used to acknowledge ideas of author(s) you have included in the body of your assignment. The details of these citations are then included in a reference list, organised numerically not alphabetically, at the end of your assignment.
- United Nations Children’s Fund. Children, food and nutrition: growing well in a changing world [report on the internet]. 2019. Figure A.1, Prevalence of children under 5 who are not growing well (stunted, wasted or overweight), 2018 [Internet]. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/media/60806/file/SOWC-2019.pdf
- Hugo M. Design and development of taloside-based inhibitors of galectin-3 and –4 [Thesis]. Gold Coast, AU: Griffith University; 2013. 85 p.
- Pierce BA. Genetics: a conceptual approach. 5th edition. New York: W. H. Freeman-Macmillan Learning; 2013. 880 p.
- Goldstein BA, Iglesias A. Language and dialectal variations. In: Bernthal JE, Bankson NW, Flipsen P Jr, editors. Articulation and phonological disorders: speech sound disorders in children. 6th edition. Boston: Pearson; 2009. p. 331-56.
- Zylinska J. Bioethics in the age of new media [Internet]. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press; 2009. 230 p. Available from: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/bioethics-age-new-media
- Elsevier’s dictionary of psychological theories. Amsterdam (NL): Elsevier; 2006. Lens model; p. 360.
- Villareal DT, Miller BV III, Banks M, Fontana L, Sinacore DR, Klein S. Effect of lifestyle intervention on metabolic coronary heart disease risk factors in obese older adults. Am J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2019 Oct 11];84(6):1317-23. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/Ajcn/article/84/6/1317/4649332/ doi: 10.1093/ajcn/84.6.1317
- Tamini RM, Spiegelman D, Smith-Warner SA, Wang M, Pazaris M, Willett WC, et al. Population attributable risk of modifiable and nonmodifiable breast cancer risk factors in postmenopausal breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2019 Mar 22];184(12):884-93. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC5161087/ doi:10.1093/aje/kww145
Consult the manual Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers for more information.
We recommend you print or save using a different browser. Edge will not capture the whole guide (only the open accordion).
- File > Print
- Save as PDF
- Save As: enter a file name
- Cancel print window
- In Safari, on your phone, tap the Share button
- Tap Print and select your printer
- To save PDF, tap on the page preview and zoom out (place two fingers on the screen and move them away from each other)
- Tap the Share button again
- Choose Save to Files
- In Chrome, on your phone, tap the Share button
- Tap Menu (ellipsis or three dots in the upper right corner)
- Tap Share
- Tap Print
- From the Select a printer drop-down, tap Save as PDF
- Tap the blue circle to download the PDF
Referencing information is provided as a guide only and is based on the official manual or other authoritative sources where available. You should confirm referencing requirements for your course and consult the manual directly for more information.
We offer online workshops on researching, referencing, structuring assignments and exam preparation. Come along and improve your skills!
Get free online tutoring to improve your writing. You can submit your writing for detailed review, request an appointment or submit questions online. A tutor will respond within 24 hours. You can use this service for up to 3 hours per trimester.
Peer assisted study sessions
Attend a student facilitated group study session.
Griffith mentors study support
Get study support by connecting with a Griffith student mentor.