2019 Annual Report

Click the button below to view the Queensland Suicide Register's annual report for 2019.

Annual report cover

HISTORY OF THE QSR

Data collection for this project began with the former Suicide Research and Prevention Program of Queensland Health, which was established in the late 1980s (Baume, Cantor & McTaggart, 1998). Queensland Health staff ran the register and it was called the Register of the Suicide Research and Prevention Program. Its name changed to the Queensland Suicide Register in 1994.

It moved to the Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP) when AISRAP was established in 1996, and was run out Griffith University's Belmont Private Hospital Campus. The register was the fundamental part of AISRAP's activities at that time. One of the goals of the Queensland Health Suicide Research Project initiated by Queensland Health and Griffith University was to maintain a register on all suicides in Queensland (Baume, Cantor & McTaggart, 1998).

The register then moved to Griffith University's Nathan Campus in 1997. The QSR moved to Griffith University's Mt Gravatt Campus in 2001, where it operates today.

References: Baume, P. J. M., Cantor, C. H., & McTaggart, P. G. (1998). Suicides in Queensland: a comprehensive study; 1990-1995 (pp. 1–61). Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.

CURRENT PROJECT STAFF

Principal Researcher: Professor David Crompton, OAM

Senior Research Assistant/Project Manager: Dr Stuart Leske

Research Assistants: Dr Madhavan Mani, Mrs Ghazala Adam, Mr Tim Cottier & Mr Joshua Teoh.

EVALUATION OF THE QSR

The QSR was evaluated against a psychological autopsy (PA) interview method in a quality control study in the 2012 report. The PA interview is performed by a clinical interviewer with the deceased’s next-of-kin and represents an in-depth assessment of the circumstance of a suicide 6 to 24 months after the death. The average duration of a PA interview is 2 hours and covers the following: demographics, recent life events, history of suicidal behaviour, medical history, and psychiatric illness as assessed via the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorders (SCID) (Spitzer et al., 1994)

The description and findings of the evaluation are in Section 1.6 Quality of the QSR data, on pages 23-26 of De Leo, D., & Sveticic, J. (2012). Suicide in Queensland, 2005-2007: Mortality Rates and Related Data (pp. 1–102). Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.

References:

First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. (1994). Structured clinical interview for Axis I DSM-IV disorders. New York: Biometrics Research.

QSR Publications

The QSR has produced 8 major reports:

  1. Baume, P. J. M., Cantor, C. H., & McTaggart, P. G. (1998). Suicides in Queensland: a comprehensive study; 1990-1995 (pp. 1–61). Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.
  2. De Leo, D., & Evans, R. (2002). Suicide in Queensland, 1996-1998: Mortality Rates and Related Data. Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.
  3. De Leo, D., & Heller, T. S. (2004). Suicide in Queensland, 1999-2001: mortality rates and related data (pp. 1–104). Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.
  4. De Leo, D., Klieve, H., & Milner, A. (2006). Suicide in Queensland, 2002-2004: Mortality Rates and Related Data (pp. 1–108). Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.
  5. De Leo, D., & Sveticic, J. (2012). Suicide in Queensland, 2005-2007: Mortality Rates and Related Data (pp. 1–102). Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.
  6. De Leo, D., Sveticic, J., & Kumpula, E.-K. (2013). Suicide in Queensland, 2008-2010: Mortality Rates and Related Data (pp. 1–92). Woollahra, Australia: Longueville Media.
  7. Potts, B., Kõlves, K., O’Gorman, J., & De Leo, D. (2015). Suicide in Queensland, 2011-2013: Mortality Rates and Related Data (pp. 1–125). Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.
  8. Leske, S., Crompton, D., & Kõlves, K. (2019). Suicide in Queensland: Annual Report 2019 (pp. 1–60). Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.

The QSR has also been used for 4 other reports:

  1. De Leo, D., & Krysinka, K. (2007). Investigation into Queensland Rail suicide and prevention strategies. A report to Queensland Rail. Brisbane: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.
  2. Hawgood, J. L., Heller, T. S., & De Leo, D. (2014). Investigation into Suicide in Queensland’s Commercial Building Construction Industry. A report to the Construction Training Council (CTC)(pp. 1–63). Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.
  3. Kõlves, K., Milner, A. J., & de Leo, D. (2009). Suicide risk in different sub-populations in Australia (Queensland). A report to the Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health and Ageing. Brisbane: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.
  4. Parkyn, M., Kiemo, K., Heller, T. S., & De Leo, D. (2004). Suicide from the Story Bridge: Characteristics and Potential for Prevention. A report to the Brisbane City Council. Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention.

It has been used in 1 book chapter:

  1. Neulinger, K., & De Leo, D. (2001). Suicide in Elderly and Youth Populations--How do They Differ? In D. De Leo (Ed.), Suicide and euthanasia in older adults: A transcultural journey (pp. 137–153). Ashland, OH, US: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

and 57 peer-reviewed journal articles:

  1. Andersen, K., Hawgood, J., Klieve, H., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2010). Suicide in selected occupations in Queensland: evidence from the State suicide register. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry44(3), 243–249. https://doi.org/10.3109/00048670903487142
  2. Arnautovska, U., McPhedran, S., & De Leo, D. (2014). A regional approach to understanding farmer suicide rates in Queensland. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology49(4), 593–599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0777-9
  3. Arnautovska, U., McPhedran, S., & De Leo, D. (2015). Differences in characteristics between suicide cases of farm managers compared to those of farm labourers in Queensland, Australia. Rural and Remote Health15(3), 3250.
  4. Arnautovska, U., McPhedran, S., Kelly, B., Reddy, P., & De Leo, D. (2016). Geographic variation in suicide rates in Australian farmers: Why is the problem more frequent in Queensland than in New South Wales? Death Studies40(6), 367–372. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2016.1153007
  5. Arnautovska, U., Sveticic, J., & De Leo, D. (2014). What differentiates homeless persons who died by suicide from other suicides in Australia? A comparative analysis using a unique mortality register. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology49(4), 583–589. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0774-z
  6. Barker, E., O’Gorman, J., & De Leo, D. (2014a). Suicide around public holidays. Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists22(2), 122–126. https://doi.org/10.1177/1039856213519293
  7. Barker, E., O’Gorman, J. G., & De Leo, D. (2014b). Suicide around anniversary times. Omega69(3), 305–310. https://doi.org/10.2190/OM.69.3.e
  8. Cantor, C. H., Hickey, P. A., & De Leo, D. (2000). Seasonal variation in suicide in a predominantly Caucasian tropical/subtropical region of Australia. Psychopathology33(6), 303–306. https://doi.org/10.1159/000029162
  9. Cantor, C., McTaggart, P., & De Leo, D. (2001). Misclassification of suicide - The contribution of opiates. Psychopathology34(3), 140–146. https://doi.org/10.1159/000049297
  10. Cantor, C.H., & Slater, P. J. (1995). The impact of firearm control legislation on suicide in Queensland: Preliminary findings. Medical Journal of Australia162(11), 583–585.
  11. Cantor, C.H., Slater, P. J., & Najman, J. M. (1995). Socioeconomic indices and suicide rate in Queensland. Australian Journal of Public Health19(4), 417–420. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.1995.tb00397.x
  12. Cantor, Chris, & McTaggart, P. (1998). Involvement of alcohol in murder suicides. Psychological Reports83(1), 261–262. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1998.83.1.261
  13. Cantor, Christopher H., & Slater, P. J. (1995). Marital Breakdown, Parenthood, and Suicide. Journal of Family Studies1(2), 91–102. https://doi.org/10.5172/jfs.1.2.91
  14. de Leo, D., Dudley, M. J., Aebersold, C. J., Mendoza, J. A., Barnes, M. A., Harrison, J. E., & Ranson, D. L. (2010). Achieving standardised reporting of suicide in Australia: rationale and program for change. The Medical Journal of Australia192(8), 452–456.
  15. de Leo, D., & Heller, T. (2008). Social modeling in the transmission of suicidality. Crisis29(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910.29.1.11
  16. De Leo, D., Hickey, P. A., Meneghel, G., & Cantor, C. H. (1999). Blindness, fear of sight loss, and suicide. Psychosomatics40(4), 339–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0033-3182(99)71229-6
  17. De Leo D, & Krysinska K. (2008). Suicidal behaviour by train collision in Queensland, 1990-2004. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry42(9), 772–779. https://doi.org/10.1080/00048670802277263
  18. De Leo, D., Milner, A., Fleischmann, A., Bertolote, J., Collings, S., Amadeo, S., … Wang, X. (2013). The WHO START study: suicidal behaviors across different areas of the world. Crisis34(3), 156–163. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000193
  19. De Leo D, Milner A, & Sveticic J. (2012). Mental disorders and communication of intent to die in Indigenous suicide cases, Queensland, Australia. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior42(2), 136–146. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00077.x
  20. De Leo, Diego. (2007). Suicide mortality data need revision. The Medical Journal of Australia186(3), 157–158.
  21. De Leo, Diego. (2010). Australia Revises its Mortality Data on Suicide. Crisis31(4), 169–173. https://doi.org/10.1027/0027-5910/a000043
  22. De Leo, Diego, Evans, R., & Neulinger, K. (2002). Hanging, firearm, and non-domestic gas suicides among males: a comparative study. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry36(2), 183–189. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1614.2001.01013.x
  23. De Leo, Diego, & Klieve, H. (2007). Communication of suicide intent by schizophrenic subjects: data from the Queensland Suicide Register. International Journal of Mental Health Systems1, 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-1-6
  24. De Leo, Diego, Sveticic, J., & Milner, A. (2011). Suicide in Indigenous people in Queensland, Australia: trends and methods, 1994-2007. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry45(7), 532–538. https://doi.org/10.3109/00048674.2011.570310
  25. De Leo, Diego, Too, L. S., Kõlves, K., Milner, A., & Ide, N. (2013). Has the Suicide Rate Risen with the 2011 Queensland Floods? Journal of Loss & Trauma18(2), 170–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2012.684581
  26. Heller, T. S., Hawgood, J. L., & de Leo, D. (2007). Correlates of Suicide in Building Industry Workers. Archives of Suicide Research11(1), 105–117. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811110600992977
  27. Kavalidou, K., McPhedran, S., & Leo, D. D. (2015). Farmers’ contact with health care services prior to suicide: evidence for the role of general practitioners as an intervention point. Australian Journal of Primary Health21(1), 102–105. https://doi.org/10.1071/PY13077
  28. Klieve, H., Barnes, M., & De Leo, D. (2009). Controlling firearms use in Australia: Has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method? Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology44(4), 285–292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0435-9
  29. Klieve, H., Sveticic, J., & De Leo, D. (2009). Who uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choice. BMC Medicine7, 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-7-52
  30. Kolves, K., & De Leo, D. (2013). Suicide in Medical Doctors and Nurses: An Analysis of the Queensland Suicide Register. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease201(11), 987–990. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000047
  31. Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2014). Are immigrants responsible for the recent decline in Australian suicide rates? Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences24(3), 241–248. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796014000122
  32. Kõlves, Kairi, & Leo, D. D. (2015). Child, Adolescent and Young Adult Suicides: A Comparison Based on the Queensland Suicide Registry. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior3(3), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.4172/2375-4494.1000209
  33. Kõlves, Kairi, McDonough, M., Crompton, D., & de Leo, D. (2018). Choice of a suicide method: Trends and characteristics. Psychiatry Research260, 67–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.11.035
  34. Kõlves, Kairi, Potts, B., & De Leo, D. (2015). Ten years of suicide mortality in Australia: Socio-economic and psychiatric factors in Queensland. Journal of Forensic & Legal Medicine36, 136–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.09.012
  35. Koo, Y. W., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2017). Profiles by suicide methods: an analysis of older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2017.1411884
  36. Koo, Y. W., Kõlves, K., De Leo, D., & Kõlves, K. (2017a). Suicide in older adults: a comparison with middle-aged adults using the Queensland Suicide Register. International Psychogeriatrics29(3), 419–430. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610216001848
  37. Koo, Y. W., Kõlves, K., De Leo, D., & Kõlves, K. (2017b). Suicide in older adults: differences between the young-old, middle-old, and oldest old. International Psychogeriatrics29(8), 1297–1306. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610217000618
  38. Law, C.-K., & De Leo, D. (2013). Seasonal differences in the day-of-the-week pattern of suicide in Queensland, Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health10(7), 2825–2833. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10072825
  39. Law, C.-K., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2014). Suicide mortality in second-generation migrants, Australia, 2001-2008. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology49(4), 601–608. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0769-9
  40. Law, C.-K., Snider, A.-M., & De Leo, D. (2014). The influence of deprivation on suicide mortality in urban and rural Queensland: An ecological analysis. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology49(12), 1919–1928. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-014-0905-1
  41. Law, C.-K., Sveticic, J., & De Leo, D. (2014). Restricting access to a suicide hotspot does not shift the problem to another location. An experiment of two river bridges in Brisbane, Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health38(2), 134–138. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12157
  42. McPhedran, S., & De Leo, D. (2013). Miseries suffered, unvoiced, unknown? Communication of suicidal intent by men in ‘rural’ Queensland, Australia. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior43(6), 589–597. https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12041
  43. McPhedran, S., & De Leo, D. (2014). Suicide among miners in Queensland, Australia: A comparative analysis of demographics, Psychiatric history, and stressful life events. SAGE Open3(4), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013511262
  44. McPhedran, Samara. (2015). Does the resources sector have higher suicide rates? A comparative analysis of suicide rates among men in the mining industry and other occupations, in Queensland (Australia). Work51(2), 255–260. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-152019
  45. McPhedran, Samara, & De Leo, D. (2013). Risk factors for suicide among rural men: are farmers more socially isolated? International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy33(11/12), 762–772. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-03-2013-0038
  46. McPhedran, Samara, Eriksson, L., Mazerolle, P., De Leo, D., Johnson, H., & Wortley, R. (2018). Characteristics of Homicide-Suicide in Australia: A Comparison With Homicide-Only and Suicide-Only Cases. Journal of Interpersonal Violence33(11), 1805–1829. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515619172
  47. McPhedran, Samara, & Leo, D. D. (2014). Relationship Quality, Work-Family Stress, and Mental Health Among Australian Male Mining Industry Employees. Journal of Relationships Research5(e3), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1017/jrr.2014.3
  48. Milner, A., & De Leo, D. (2012). Suicide by Motor Vehicle ‘Accident’ in Queensland. Traffic Injury Prevention13(4), 342–347. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2012.660253
  49. Ross, V., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2017). Beyond psychopathology: A case-control psychological autopsy study of young adult males. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry63(2), 151–160. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764016688041
  50. Skerrett, Delaney M., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2015). Are LGBT populations at a higher risk for suicidal behaviors in Australia? Research findings and implications. Journal of Homosexuality62(7), 883–901. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2014.1003009
  51. Skerrett, Delaney Michael, Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2014). Suicides among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations in Australia: an analysis of the Queensland Suicide Register. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists6(4), 440–446. https://doi.org/10.1111/appy.12128
  52. Soole, R., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2014). Suicides in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children: analysis of Queensland Suicide Register. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health38(6), 574–578. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12259
  53. Sveticic, J., Too, L. S., & De Leo, D. (2012). Suicides by persons reported as missing prior to death: A retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open2(e000607), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000607
  54. Sveticic, Jerneja, McPhedran, S., & De Leo, D. (2013). Reviewing the revisions: what are the Australian Bureau of Statistics suicide figures really telling us? The Medical Journal of Australia198(9), 478. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja13.10203
  55. Sveticic, Jerneja, Milner, A., & De Leo, D. (2012). Contacts with mental health services before suicide: a comparison of Indigenous with non-Indigenous Australians. General Hospital Psychiatry34(2), 185–191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2011.10.009
  56. Williams, R. F. G., Doessel, D. P., Sveticic, J., & De Leo, D. (2010). Accuracy of official suicide mortality data in Queensland. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry44(9), 815–822. https://doi.org/10.3109/00048674.2010.483222
  57. Wyder, M., Ward, P., & De Leo, D. (2009). Separation as a suicide risk factor. Journal of Affective Disorders116(3), 208–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2008.11.007

Contact us

Please email any enquiries about the QSR to aisrap@griffith.edu.au