Analysing political party development and voter attitudes towards political regimes
We conduct in-depth studies of political party development, behaviour and strategies alongside large-scale analyses of voter behaviour and attitudes towards political regimes and societies. This program brings together comparative political scientists at Griffith University from Australia, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Spain who specialise in parties and elections.
Covering a wide range of countries, our work has been published in highly-ranked journals and we collaborate with colleagues from major universities across the globe. Our research currently includes projects funded by the Australian Research Council and the Swedish Research Council.
To further the study of elections and parties in Australia and beyond, we organise annual, invitation-only workshops on topics like the accountability and democracy in South East Asia and the relationship between populist and mainstream parties.
Dr Ferran Martinez i Coma
Electoral integrity, comparative politics, political parties and electoral behaviour.
Professor Duncan McDonnell
Political parties, populism, Euroscepticism and right wing politics.
Dr Lee Morgenbesser
South East Asian politics, authoritarian regimes and democratisation.
Dr Annika Werner
Political parties, representation, quality of democracy and comparative politics.
DEEPENING AUTHORITARIAN RULE IN CAMBODIA
Tragedy is a consistent narrative of Cambodian politics. In the last few years, we have witnessed yet another iteration in the form of a brutal crackdown and sham election perpetrated by the dictator Hun Sen, who has been in power since January 1985. The crackdown itself targeted the last remaining vestiges of public antagonism to the ruling Cambodian People’s Party, namely civil society groups, independent media organisations, and political opponents. The sham election capitalised of this act of suppression by providing a mechanism to maintain power, albeit while feigning conformity to the virtues of party competition, citizen participation and impartial validation. Despite a history of both intense repression and flawed elections under Hun Sen’s government, recent events were unprecedented by the standard of Cambodian politics. This was because Hun Sen’s government was implementing a strategy unfamiliar to people living inside Cambodia and unusual for scholars outside it: a transition from competitive to hegemonic authoritarian rule.
HOW CAN POLITICAL ACTORS SHAPE VOTER TURNOUT
Dr Ferran Martinez i Coma was awarded $248,000 by ARC Discovery Projects, for the project “How can political actors shape voter turnout?” This project aims to investigate what explains variations on individual’s turnout rates by analysing the strategies employed by candidates and parties to mobilise their supporters and demobilise their detractors. The project will compare the mobilisation and demobilisation strategies of the parties and candidates. Expected outcomes include an improved understanding of the demobilised, the re-affirmed abstainers and the activated voters, which are under-studied. The findings will enhance understanding of motivations of those citizens, a topic of growing scholarly interest, and also inform Australian policy makers seeking to enhance the design of their governance interventions.
DIFFERENTLY EUROSCEPTIC: RADICAL RIGHT POPULIST PARTIES AND THEIR SUPPORTERS
Research group members, Duncan McDonnell and Annika Werner have recently published their second article since 2017 in Journal of European Public Policy (ranked 4th in the world by the Google Scholar Political Science list). In their new study, McDonnell and Werner investigate the role played by Euroscepticism in driving support for radical right populist parties and examine whether these parties’ supporters have followed their shifts of position and salience on this issue.
Using data from the ‘Euandi’ project, they find that while radical right populist parties and their supporters closely aligned on immigration (which remains the main driver of support), they did not do so as much on European integration. McDonnell and Werner conclude that the increased salience of this issue does not necessarily lead to stronger linkages between parties and voters and that radical right populist parties therefore continue to enjoy flexibility on European integration and can shift positions if necessary (as we have recently seen in the cases of such parties in France and Italy).
TRUMP, POPULISM AND THE AGE OF EXTREMES
Ferran Martinez i Coma has co-authored (with Alessandro Nai and Jurgen Maier) an article titled "Donald Trump, Populism, and the Age of Extremes: Comparing the Personality Traits and Campaigning Styles of Trump and Other Leaders Worldwide" in the Presidential Studies Quarterly. Jan 2019. They analysed a novel database based on expert ratings of Trump, 21 other populist leaders and 82 mainstream leaders.
The article examines the evidence, contrasts Trump's profile to others and discusses the implications of such an extreme profile and the potential outcomes of such an extreme personality type on his presidency.
The article has recently been cited in the British Psychological Society Research Digest, 31 January 2019 where Christian Jarrett authored an article on Study Compares Trump’s Personality With Other Populist Leaders And Finds He Is An “Outlier Among The Outliers.
VOTERS’ PREFERENCES FOR PARTY REPRESENTATION
In her recent article in the International Political Science Review, Annika Werner investigates Australian voters' preferences towards party behaviour. The analysis is based on an innovative survey experiment and focuses on whether Australians want parties to fulfill their election promises, follow public opinion or seek the common good.
The results suggest that Australians are least interested in parties faithfully fulfilling what they promised before the election. This is insofar astonishing that most theories of democracy define promise fulfilment as one of parties' central task. Instead, Australian voters prefer parties to seek the common good, determined by expert advice. This suggests that voters are much more open to considering expert knowledge than is commonly suggested in this 'post-truth era'.
POPULIST AND MAINSTREAM PARTIES WORKSHOP - 18-20 JULY 2018
Duncan McDonnell and Annika Werner hosted leading experts from Australia and around the world at a workshop on Populist and Mainstream Parties in Brisbane on 18-20 July 2018.
The event began with a Keynote Address by Professor Tim Bale (Queen Mary University London), entitled 'Playing with fire can get you burnt: conventional politics and populism'.
The two-day workshop examined the relationships between populist and mainstream parties in democracies such as Australia, France, India, the Netherlands, and many more.
This is the second workshop of the ‘People, Elections & Parties’ group, based at the Centre for Governance and Public Policy. The first, on ‘South-East Asia’s Democratic Recession’ took place in November 2017.
THE RISE OF SOPHISTICATED AUTHORITARIANISM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Dr Lee Morgenbesser was the recipient of the Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award (2018-2020). He will undertake the project to investigate the persistence of authoritarian rule in Southeast Asia. Against the backdrop of a global democratic recession, the project seeks to identify how dictators and dominant parties have learnt to maintain power using increasingly sophisticated techniques. Using five original case studies and three qualitative methods, the expected outcome is an explanation for the survival of authoritarian regimes that is accessible and informative to the academic, policymaking and democracy promotion communities.
The knowledge gained from this project can be used to safeguard Australia’s interest in the preservation and growth of democracy abroad. The benefits will be risk reduction in terms of decision making and improved national security.
ETHNIC DIVERSITY DECREASES TURNOUT
In a paper in Electoral Studies, Ferran Martinez i Coma and Alessandro Nai show the importance that ethnic diversity has for electoral turnout. Using data from over 650 parliamentary elections in more than half a century across 102 democracies, the authors analyse how the fractionalisation, polarisation and concentration of ethnic diversity impacts turnout.
They find that elections in countries with more fractionalised, more polarised and more concentrated ethnic groups have a significantly and substantially lower turnout.
Respectable Radicals and the Euro-Nationalist International
Professor Duncan McDonnell
Respectable Radicals and the Euro-Nationalist International
In October 2017, Duncan McDonnell presented work at University of California, Berkeley, from his ongoing project with Annika Werner on right-wing populist parties in the European Parliament (EP). Starts at 03:39
2019 - EXTERNAL SEMINARS AND TALKS
|28 August||National Democratic Institute (tentative)||Lee Morgenbesser|
|29 August||American Political Science Association Annual Meeting||Lee Morgenbesser|
2018 - EXTERNAL SEMINARS AND TALKS
|5 February||Institutional Affairs Committee, Parliament of Catalonia||Ferran Martinez i Coma|
Department of Social and Political Change, Australian National University
|21 February||Indonesia Study Group, Australian National University||Diego Fossati|
|12 March||University of Copenhagen||Duncan McDonnell|
|26 March||University of Turin||Duncan McDonnell|
|7 June||Special Issue Workshop for Representation, Berlin||Annika Werner|
|12 June||Institutional Affairs Committee, Parliament of Catalonia||Ferran Martinez i Coma|
|13 September||Heritage Foundation, Washington D.C | United States Department of State, Washington D.C.||Lee Morgenbesser|
|19 September||German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg||Lee Morgenbesser|
|20 September||Australian National University||Duncan McDonnell|
|26 September||Varieties of Democracy Project, University of Gothenburg||Lee Morgenbesser|
|5 October||Department of Political Science, University of Oslo||Lee Morgenbesser|
|15 October||Queen Mary University, London||Duncan McDonnell|
|18 October||University of Oslo||Duncan McDonnell|
|22 October||OECD, Paris||Duncan McDonnell|
|5 November||University of Trieste, Italy||Duncan McDonnell|