Below is a summary of recent publications by researchers from the Griffith Institute for Tourism.

Revealing the dominant discourses of stakeholders towards natural resource management in Port Resolution, Vanuatu, using Q-method

Andrew Buckwell and Professor Chris Fleming, with colleagues from the Griffith Centre for Coastal Management, the Australian Rivers Institute and the Griffith Climate Change Response Program recently published an article ‘Revealing dominant discourses among stakeholders towards natural resource management in Port Resolution, Vanuatu’ in the journal Ecological Economics.

Seeking to understand constraints and enabling factors for implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change, this study identified three dominate discourses towards natural resource management in the context of social and economic transition, and environmental and climate change. The discourses were labelled: (i) Strong Kastom; (ii) Kastom + Health; and (iii) Tentative Modernity. In each, there was a strong affinity to provisioning and regulating ecosystem services. However, Tentative Modernity had significantly greater openness to economic development opportunities associated with monetising cultural ecosystem services.

This research work has been mapped to Sustainable Development Goals: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 15, 16

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A systematic review of literature on contested heritage

Yang (Subrina) Liu working with Associate Professor Karine Dupre and Dr. Xin (Cathy) Jin published an article titled “A systematic review of literature on contested heritage” in the Current Issues in Tourism journal.

Contested heritage has increasingly been studied by scholars over the last two decades in multiple disciplines, however, there is still limited knowledge about what contested heritage is and how it is realized in society.

This study investigates the characteristics of contested heritage, the factors that lead to heritage contestation and the challenges and strategies in dealing with contested heritage. The findings demonstrate the diversity and complexity of contested heritage as it becomes a global issue for both tourism and urbanization. The research provides timely knowledge to deal with this urgent issue and offers valuable insight into heritage governance and policy-making.

This research work has been mapped to Sustainable Development Goals: 11

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Serious games as interpretive tools in complex natural tourist attractions

In the words of Dr Stuart Brown in Play: How It Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and Invigorates the Soul: “The ability to play is critical not only to being happy, but also to sustaining social relationships and being a creative, innovative person”.

At a time when uncertainty, anxiety and “eco-grief” are particularly high, this study by Associate Professor Alexandra Coghlan and Lewis Carter investigates how play using interactive games can benefit the protection of tourism’s biggest natural assets like the Great Barrier Reef. Using a unique virtual reality game, we explore how a unique, innovative Virtual Reality game fosters curiosity and delight in visitors to the Great Barrier Reef. The study uses a gaming conceptual framework, the Design-Play-Experience (DPE) model to test the game’s design in situ, on reef tours, by observing respondents’ interactions with the game, video recording and reviewing their gameplay and through pre and post interviews with respondents until data saturation was reached (n = 34). The findings illustrate how games can be designed to represent a complex and threatened ecosystem and elicit positive emotions among tourists, while builder a great sense of tourists’ ecoliteracy through a systems-approach to representing the tourism attraction.

This research work has been mapped to Sustainable Development Goals: 14

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Barriers to adaptation: Insights from Laamu Atoll, Maldives

Urgency in identifying and overcoming barriers to adaptation is central as delays in effective actions will increase the likelihood of exceeding adaptation capacities.

In response, this article by Rachel Clissold, Associate Professor Karen McNamara and Dr Ross Westoby, explored preliminary insights into the types of barriers to adaptation in Laamu Atoll, the Maldives and explored some interdependencies. This article is based on 10 semi-structured small group interviews with 24 stakeholders, which were conducted in November 2016. The findings in Laamu Atoll include resource barriers (i.e. funding, physical and human resources in outer islands and data on vulnerable groups) and social barriers (i.e. political/institutional and organisational constraints and inefficiencies, marginalisation and power differences as well as cognitive elements) that were hampering adaptation. This article has subsequently informed planning processes in the Maldives and has contributed to better allocations of resources and processes to overcome barriers through Government policy and future planning.

This research work has been mapped to Sustainable Development Goals: 13

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Understanding the drivers of Airbnb discontinuance

An article by Dan Huang, Associate Professor Alexandra Coghlan and Dr Xin (Cathy) Jin has been published in the Annals of Tourism Research.

Airbnb is a world leading peer-to-peer accommodation platform, but some consumers have stopped using it. This research aims to investigate factors leading to consumer discontinuance in Airbnb usage. They discontinued due to reasons such as inadequate customer support, unfair policy or regulation, misleading listing information, no service delivery guarantees and undesirable host attitudes/behaviours. Some of them were attracted by the beautiful photos on the Airbnb website, but were upset after they opened the door of the offline accommodation. They felt cheated and discontinued using Airbnb.

Consumers not only expect that Airbnb can provide information, system and customer service as a traditional business-to-consumer e-service does, but also expect that Airbnb acts as a mediator to develop rules, regulate conflicts and control quality. we posit that discontinuance could result from the platform's limitations in governing the triadic relationship. That is, the relationship between the platform, the hosts and the consumers.

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High performance sport programs and emplaced performance capital in elite athletes from developing nations

Dr Caroline Riot, Dr Wendy O’Brien and Associate Professor Claire Minahan published an article titled ‘High performance sport programs and emplaced performance capital in elite athletes from developing nations' in the Sport Management Review journal.

For elite athletes from developing countries, providing access to high performance services is often a low priority, when other issues such as basic social, health, and community needs take precedence. Little is known about how these athletes develop the skills necessary to compete at international events. Prior to the Commonwealth Games in Australia, a series of training camps were trialled, designed to open up the high-performance training environment to athletes from a small group of developing countries in the Oceania region. Drawing on data from focus groups conducted with athletes and coaches, the authors explore the struggles that occur as athletes negotiate the affects produced through the material and sensory world of their everyday lives. The authors propose the notion of emplaced performance capital to examine the complex interplay between field, capital and habitus and the place-events of training and performing. Implicit within these negotiations is how power is exercised in conflicts over resources to produce inequalities and marginalization. While the research is conducted in developing countries, the authors argue that athletes from developed countries are also situated in material and sensory environments producing affects that potentially impact performance.

This research work has been mapped to Sustainable Development Goals: 10

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Sustainability Development Goals

No povertyZero hungerGood health and well-beingQuality educationGender equalityClean water and sanitationAffordable and clean energyDecent work and economic growthIndustry, innovation and infrastructureReduced inequalitiesSustainable cities and communitiesResponsible consumption and productionClimate actionLife below waterLife on landPeace, justice and strong institutionsPartnerships for the goals

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