Working paper title
An Intersectional Feminist Analysis of Gendered Racial Microaggressions among Indigenous Australian Women
This paper utilises a feminist intersectional framework to explore Indigenous Australian women’s experiences of and stress resulting from Gendered Racial Microaggressions (GRMs), the ‘subtle and everyday verbal, environmental or behavioural expressions of oppression based on the intersection of one’s race and gender’ (Harwood et al 2012: 51). A total number of nine Indigenous Australian women responded to a survey based on Lewis and Neville’s (2015) GRMs Scale, originally developed for African American women. This scale measures frequency and perceived stress resulting from microaggressions based on the following four factors: Assumptions of Beauty and Sexual Objectification, Silencing and Marginalisation, the Strong Black Woman Stereotype and the Angry Black Woman Stereotype. Results from a correlational analysis of the data support the findings of Lewis and Neville (2015) and suggest that Indigenous Australian women experience all four major types of GRMs experienced by African American women, and that these experiences cause variable degrees of stress in respondents’ lives. GRMs relating to the Angry Black Woman Stereotype were found to be the most frequently occurring and stressful type of microaggressions, while those relating to the Strong Black Woman Stereotype were found to be the least frequently occurring and least stress-invoking type of GRM. Implications and directions for future research in the field of Indigenous Australian women’s studies are discussed.
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