Professor Maxime Aubert is an archaeologist  and a geochemist specializing on the dating of ancient human remains and rock art. Maxime's research focuses on the evolutionary processes that led to the emergence of our species. His research has been published in the world’s leading interdisciplinary science journal, Nature.


Work: (07) 5552 7843



Doctor of Philosphy (Earth Sciences), Université du Québec In collaboration with Australian National University, Canada, 2009

Master of Science (Earth Sciences - Geochemistry), Université du Québec, Canada, 2004

Bachelor of Arts (Archaeology (major) and Anthropology (minor), Université Laval, Canada, 2000

Refereed journal articles  (Total of 43 including 4 in Nature and 1 in PNAS)


Kurniawan, R., Kadja, G.T.M., Setiawan, P., Burhan, B.,  Oktaviana, A.A., Rustan, Hakim, B., Aubert, M., Brumm, A., Ismunandara. (2019). Chemistry of prehistoric rock art pigments from the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Microchemical Journal 146: 227-233.


Aubert, M., Setiawan, P., Oktaviana, A.A ., Brumm, A., Sulistyarto, P.H., Saptomo, E.W., Istiawan B., Ma’rifat, T.A., Wahyuono, V.N., Atmoko, F.T., Zhao, J.-X., Huntley, J., Taçon, P.S.C., Howard, D.L., Brand, H.E.A. (2018). Palaeolithic cave art in Borneo. Nature 564: 254-257.

Aubert, M., Brumm, A., Huntley, J. (2018). Early dates for ‘Neanderthal cave art’ may be wrong. Journal of Human Evolution 125: 215-217

Curnoe, D., Datan, I., Zhao, J-x., Leh Moi Ung, C., Aubert, M., Sauffi, M.S., Mei, G.H., Mendoza, R., Taçon, P.S.C. (2018). Late Pleistocene-early Holocene human mandibles from the Niah Caves (Sarawak, Borneo). PLoS ONE 13(6): e0196633.

Brumm, A., Hakim, B., Ramli, M., Aubert M., van den Bergh. G.D., Li, B., Burhan, B., Saiful, A.M.,Siagian, L., Sardi, R., Jusdi, A., Abdullah, Mubarak, A.P., Moore, M.W., Roberts, R.G., Zhao, J.x., McGahan, D., Jones, B.G., Perston, Y., Szabó, K., Mahmud, M.I., Westaway, K.,Jatmiko, Saptomo, E.W., van der Kaars, S., Grün, R., Wood, R., Dodson, J., Morwood, M.J.(2018). A reassessment of the early archaeological record at Leang Burung 2, a Late Pleistocene rock-shelter site on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. PLoS ONE 13(4): e0193025.


Aubert, M., Brumm, A., Taçon, P.S.C. (2017). The timing and nature of human colonization of Southeast Asia in the Late Pleistocene - A rock art perspective. Current Anthropology 52(s17): 553-566.

Aubert, M. (2017). Further comment on: “Uranium-thorium dating method and Palaeolithic rock art” by Sauvet et al. (2015, in press). Quaternary International 432: 98-99.

Bartsiokas, A., Arsuaga, J.L., Aubert, M., Grün, R. (2017). U-series dating and classification of the Apidima 2 hominin from Mani Peninsula, Southern Greece. Journal of Human Evolution 109:22-29.

Brumm, A., Langley, M.C., Moore, M.W., Hakim, B., Ramli, M., Sumantri, I., Burhan, B., Saiful, A. Muhammad., Siagian, L., Suryatman, , Sardi, R., Justi, A., Abdullah, Mubarak, A., Hasliana, Hasrianti, Oktaviana, A., Adhityatama, S., van den Bergh, G. D., Aubert , M., Zhao, J.,Huntley, J., Li, B., Roberts, R.G., Saptomo, E. Wahyu., Perston, Y., Grün, R. (2017). Early Human Symbolic Behavior in the Late Pleistocene of Wallacea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114: 4105-4110.

Westaway, K.E., Louys, J., Due Awe, R., Morwood, M.J., Price, G.J., Zhao, J.-x., Aubert, M.,Joannes-Boyau, R., Smith, T.M., Skinner, M.M., Compton, T., Bailey, R.M., van den Bergh, G.D., de  Vos, J., Pike, A.W.G, Stringer, C., Saptomo, E.W., Rizal,Y., Zaim, J., Santoso, W.D., Trihascaryo, A., Kinsley, L., Sulistyanto, B. (2017) An early modern human presence in Sumatra at 73-63 kyr. Nature 548: 322-325.


Huntley, J., Brand, H., Aubert, M., Morwood, M.J. (2014). The first Australian Synchrotron powder diffraction analysis of pigment from a Wandjina motif in the Kimberley, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 78: 33-38.

Huntley, J., Westaway, K.E., Gore, D.B., Aubert, M., Ross, J., Morwood, M. J. (2016). Non-Destructive or Non-Invasive? The potential effect of X-ray fluorescence spectrometers on luminescence age estimates of archaeological samples. Geoarchaeology 31: 592-602.

Li, B., Roberts, R. G., Brumm, A., Guo, Y.-J., Hakim, B., Ramli, M., Aubert, M., Grün, R., Zhao, J.-x., Saptomo, E. W. (2016). IRSL dating of fast-fading sanidine feldspars from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ancient TL 34(2): 1-13.

Sutikna, T., Tocheri, M.W., Morwood, M.J., Saptomo, E.W., Jatmiko, Awe, R.D., Wasisto, S.,Westaway, K.E., Aubert, M., Li, B., Zhao, J.X., Storey, M., Alloway, B.V., Morley, M.W., Hanneke , J.M., Meijer,. van den Bergh, J.D., Grün, R., Dosseto, A., Brumm, A., Jungers, W.L., Roberts, R.G. (2016). Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua, eastern Indonesia, Nature 53:366–369.

Taçon, P.S.C., Huisheng, T., Aubert, M. (2016). Naturalistic Animals And Hand Stencils In The Rock Art Of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Northwest China, Rock Art Research  33(1): 19-31.

Willmes, M., Kinsley, L., Moncel, M.-H., Armstrong, R.A., Aubert, M., Eggins, S.,  Grün, R. (2016). Improvement of laser ablation in situ micro-analysis to identify diagenetic alteration and measure strontium isotope ratios in fossil human teeth, Journal of Archaeological Science 70: 102-116.


Aubert, M., Brumm, A., Ramli, M., Sutikna, T,. Saptomo, E. W., Hakim, B, Morwood, M. J., D. van den Bergh. G., Kinsley, L., Dosseto. A. (2014). Pleistocene cave art from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Nature, 514: 223-227.

Douka, K., Grün, R., Jacobs, Z., Lane, C., Farr, L., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Reynolds, T., Albert, P., Aubert, M., Cullen, V., Hill, E., Kinsley, L., Roberts, R., Tomlinson, E.L., Wulf, S.,Barker, G. (2014). Redating the Haua Fteah cave (Cyrenaica, northeast Libya) and its implications for North African prehistory. Journal of Human Evolution 66: 39-63.

Watchman, A., Taçon, P., Aubert, M. (2014). Correspondence to Brad Pillans and Keith Fifield ‘Erosion rates and weathering history of rock surfaces associated with Aboriginal rock art engravings (petroglyphs) on Burrup Peninsula, Western Australia, from cosmogenic nuclide measurements’ Quaternary Science Reviews 69: 98-106. Quaternary Science Reviews 91: 70-75.

Willmes, M., McMorrow, L., Kinsley, L., Armstrong, R., Aubert, M., Eggins, S., Falguères, C.,Maureille, B., Moffat, I., Grün, R., (2014). The IRHUM (Isotopic Reconstruction of Human Migration) database – bioavailable strontium isotopes of France for geochemical fingerprinting. Earth System Science Databases 6: 117-122.


Gliganic, L.A., Cohen, T.J., May, J.-H., Nanson, G.C., Dosseto, A., Jansen, J.D., Larsen, J.R., Aubert M. (2014). Late Holocene hydrologic and environmental variability along the eastern Flinders Ranges. The Holocene 24: 104-117.

Huntley, J., Aubert, M., Ross, J., Morwood, M. (2015). One Colour, (at least) Two Minerals: A study of Mulberry Rock Art Pigment and a Mulberry Pigment ‘Quarry’ from the Kimberley, Northern Australia. Archaeometry 57: 77–99.

Storm, P., Wood, R., Stringer, C., Bartsiokas, A., de Vos, J., Aubert, M., Kinsley, L., Grün, R. (2013). U-series and radiocarbon analyses of human and faunal remains from Wajak. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 356-365.


Aubert, M. (2012). A review of rock art dating in the Kimberley, Western Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 573-577.

Aubert, M., Williams, I.S., Boljkovac, K., Moffat, I., Moncel, M.-H., Dufour, E., Grün, R. (2012). In  situ oxygen isotope micro-analysis of faunal material and human teeth using a SHRIMP II: a  new tool for palaeo-ecology and archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 3184-3194.

Aubert, M., Pike, A.W.G., Stringer, C., Bartsiokas, A., Kinsley, L., Eggins, S., Day, M., Grün, R. (2012). Confirmation of a late middle Pleistocene age for the Omo Kibish 1 cranium by direct uranium-series dating. Journal of Human Evolution 63: 704-710.

Duval, M., Falguères, C., Bahain, J.-J., Grün, R., Shao, Q., Aubert, M., Dolo, J.-M., Agusti, J., Martínez-Navarro, B., Palmqvist, P., Toro-Moyano, I. (2012). On the limits of using combined U-series/ESR method to date fossil teeth from two Early Pleistocene archaeological sites of the Orce area (Guadix-Baza basin, Spain). Quaternary Research 77: 482-491.

Taçon, P.S.C., Aubert, M., Li, G., Yang, D., Liu, H., May, S.K., Fallon, S., Ji, X., Curnoe, D. and A.I.R. Herries. (2012). Uranium-series age estimates for rock art in southwest China. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 492-499.


Carey, S.P., Camens, A.B., Cupper, M.L., Grün, R., Hellstrom, J.C., McKnight, S.W., Mclennan, I., Pickering, D.A., Trusler, P., Aubert, M. (2011). A diverse Pleistocene marsupial trackway assemblage from the Victorian Volcanic Plains, Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 591-610.

Duval, M., Aubert, M., Hellstrom, J., Grün. R. (2011). High resolution, three dimensional mapping of U-concentrations and U-series isotopes in an Early Pleistocene equid tooth from Fuente Nueva-3 (Orce, Andalusia, Spain) using laser ablation ICP-MS. Quaternary Geochronology 6: 458-467.

Duval, M., Falguères, C., Bahain, J.-J., Grün, R., Shao, Q., Aubert, M., Hellstrom, J., Dolo, J.-M.,Agusti, J., Martinalez-Navarro, B., Palmqvist, P., Toro-Moyano, I. (2011). The challenge of dating Early Pleistocene fossil teeth by the combined US-ESR method: the case of Venta Micena palaeontological site (Orce, Spain). Journal of Quaternary Science 26: 603-615.

Harvati, K., Stringer, C., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Allsworth-Jones, P., Folorunso. C.A. (2011). The Later Stone Age calvaria from Iwo Eleru, Nigeria: Morphology and chronology. PLoS ONE 6 (9), art. no. e24024.

Indriati, E., Swisher, C., Lepre, C., Quinn, R., Suriyanto, R., Hascaryo, A., Grün, R., Feibel, C.,Pobiner, B., Aubert, M., Lees, W., Anton, S. (2011). The age of the 20 meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia and the survival of Homo erectus in Asia. PLoS ONE 6 (6), art. no. e21562.


Cosgrove, R., Field, J., Garvey, J., Brenner-Coltrain, J., Goede, A., Charles, B., Wroe, S., Pike-Tay, A., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Lees, W., O'Connell, J. (2010). Overdone overkill - The archaeological perspective on Tasmanian megafaunal extinctions. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 2486-2503.

Grün, R., Aubert, M., Hellstrom J., Duval, M. (2010). The challenge of direct dating old human fossils. Quaternary International 234: 87-93.

Grün, R., Eggins, S., Aubert, M., Spooner, N., Pike, A., Muller, W. (2010). ESR and U-series analysis of faunal material from Cuddie Springs, NSW, Australia: implications for the timing of the extinction of the Australian megafauna. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 596-610.

Mijares, A.S., Détroit, F.,  Piper, P., Bellwood, P., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Cuevas, N., De Leon, A.,Dizon, E. (2010). New evidence for a 67,000 year old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines: Implications for early human dispersal into Island Southeast Asia. Journal of Human Evolution 59: 123-132.

Porat, N., Chazan, M., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Eisenmann, V., Horwitz, L.K. (2010). New Radiometric Ages for the Fauresmith Industry from Kathu Pan, Southern Africa: Implications for the Earlier to Middle Stone Age Transition. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 269-283.

Taçon, P.S.C., Gang, L., Decong, Y., May, S.K., Hong, L., Aubert, M., Xueping, J., Curnoe, D.,Herries, A.I.R. (2010). Naturalism and style in Jinsha River rock art, China. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 20: 67-86.

before 2010

Aubert, M., O’Connor, S., McCulloch, M.T., Mortimer, G., Richer-LaFlèche, M. (2007). Uranium-series dating rock art in East Timor. Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 991-996.

Aubert, M., Watchman, A., Arsenault, D., Gagnon L. (2004). L’archéologie rupestre du Bouclier canadien: Potentiel archéométrique. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 28: 51-74.

Grün, R., Aubert, M., Joannes-Boyau, R., Moncel, M.-H. (2008). High resolution analysis of uranium and thorium concentration as well as U-series isotope distributions in a Neanderthal tooth from Payre using laser ablation ICPMS. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72: 5278–5290.

Grün, R., Wells, R., Eggins, S., Spooner, N., Aubert, M., Brown, L., Rhodes, E. (2008). Electron spin resonance dating of South Australian megafauna sites. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 55: 917-935.

Book chapters  (Total of 5)

Taçon, PS.C., Ramli, M., Hakim, B., Brumm, A., Aubert, M. (2018). The Archaeology of Sulawesi. In Terra Australis, 478: 31-42.

Fernández-Jalvo, Y., Ditchfield, P., Grün, R., Lees, W., Aubert, M., Torres, T., Eugenio Ortiz, J.,Díaz Bautista, A., Pickering, R. (2016). Appendix: Dating Methods Applied to Azokh Cave Sites. In Azokh Cave and the Transcaucasian Corridor, Springer, pp.321-339, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-24924-7_16

Gagnon, L., Bergeron, A., Aubert, M., Arsenault, D. (2007). Qajartalik : péril en la demeure, mythe ou réalité? Bilan des recherches en conservation à la carrière à pétroglyphes de Qajartalik (JhEv-1). Dans Des Tuniit aux Inuits : Patrimoines archéologique et historique au Nunavik : 249-263, D. Arsenault et D. Gendron (éds). Québec et Montréal : CÉLAT. Les Cahiers d’Archéologie no 21, et l’Institut culturel Avataq. Publication en archéologie du Nunavik no 2.

Grün, R., Kelly, T., Aubert, M. (2012). Electron Spin Resonance Dating of Vertebrate Remains from the Peştera cu Oase. In Life and Death at the Pestera cu Oase: A Setting for Modern Human Emergence in Europe. Erik Trinkaus, Silviu Constantin and Joco Zilhco (eds), New York: Oxford University Press, 528 pages.

Rhodes, E., Chappell, J., Fujioka, T., Fitzsimmons, K., Magee, J., Aubert, M., Hewitt, D. (2005). The History of Aridity in Australia. In Regolith 2005 Ten Years of CRC LEME, Ian C Roach (eds), CRC LEME, Bentley, Western Australia, 265-268.

Selected reports

Morse, K., Cameron, R., Aubert, M. (2010). Archaeological Investigations at Mindy Mindy Northwest of Newman WA. Unpublished report for Consolidated Minerals Ltd.

Paterson, A., Aubert, M., Morse, K., Cameron, R. (2010). Background briefing advice regarding possible impacts of emissions from proposed James Price Point Liquid Natural Gas hub, Western Australia on Kimberley rock art. Unpublished report for Kimberley Land Council.

Other publications

Brumm, A., Aubert, M., Setiawan, P. (2018). Borneo cave discovery: is the world’s oldest rock art in Southeast Asia?

Brumm, A., Aubert, M., Setiawan, P. (2018). Temuan gua Borneo: apakah gambar cadas tertua di dunia di Asia Tenggara?

Aubert, M. (2016). The Oldest Art on Earth, Audi Magazine, Spring, 49

Brumm, A., Aubert, M. (2015). Pigs, Popcorn and the Origins of Prehistoric Art, Australasian  Science 36 : 18-22.

Gagnon L., Bergeron A., Arsenault D., Aubert M. (2006). Un site rupestre exceptionnel et une ancienne carrière de stéatite à Qajartalik, au Nunavik. Continuité, Québec, 110.

Huyge, D., Aubert, M., Barnard, H., Claes, W., Coleman-Darnell, J., De Dapper, M., Figari, E.,Ikram, S., Lebrun-Nélis, A., Therasse, I. (2007). ‘Lascaux along the Nile’: Late Pleistocene rock art in Egypt. Antiquity (Project Gallery) 81(313)

Taçon, P., Brumm, A., Aubert, M. (2014). 40,000 year old rock art found in Indonesia

Research Grants (Total of ~$4,181,000 AUD)

2019-22: Australian Research Council (ARC), Discovery Projects scheme. Pathways through Tropical Sahul: The Archaeology of the Great Papuan Plateau – DP190100159 (Chief Investigator with Bryce Barker, Lara Lamb, Andrew Fairbairn & Matthew Leavesley (549,747AUD) plus 545,580 AUD from administering and partner organisations)

2017-18: National Geographic Society (NGS). Prehistory of the Karawari region in East Sepik, Papua New Guinea (Chief Investigator with Francois-X Ricaut, Alois Kuaso, Matthew Leavesley and Hubert Forestier) 29,315 USD (38,684 AUD)

2017-18: National Geographic Society (NGS). Prehistory of the Karawari region in East Sepik, Papua New Guinea (Chief Investigator with Francois-X Ricaut, Alois Kuaso, Matthew Leavesley and Hubert Forestier) 29,315 USD (38,684 AUD)

2017-21: Australian Research Council (ARC), Future Fellowship. The unknown ‘Ice Age’ artists of Borneo – FT170100025 (Sole Investigator) (1,011,616 AUD) plus 1,054,289 AUD from administering organisation

2014-17: Australian Research Council (ARC), Discovery Early Career Researcher.  Award (DECRA) The oldest rock art in Asia and the early human occupation of island Southeast Asia – DE140100254 (Sole Investigator) (395,205 AUD) plus 96,459 AUD from administering organisation

2013: Australian Synchrotron The age and character of the Kimberley rock art assemblage, WA (Chief Investigator with Helen Brand and Jillian Huntley) (61,200 AUD)

2011-13: Australian Research Council (ARC), Discovery Projects scheme. A Reliable Absolute Chronology for the Aboriginal Rock Art in the Kimberley,Western Australia - DP110102898 (Sole Investigator) (310,000 AUD)

2010-11: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). International Task Group on Rock Art Research (Chief Investigator with Daniel Arsenault, Margarita Díaz-Andreu, Serge Lemaitre and Paul Taçon) 75,000 CAD (75,669 AUD)

2010-11: National Geographic Society (NGS). Return to Oomarri: Dating and Preserving North-Western Australian Indigenous Rock Art (Chief Investigator with Martin Porr, Liam Brady and Ambrose Mungala Chalarimeri) 15,000 USD (15,260 AUD)

2008-9: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Rock Art Research Task Group (Chief Investigator with Daniel Arsenault, Serge Lemaitre, Paul Taçon and Laurier Turgeon, 25,000 CAD (27,197 AUD)

Equipment Grants (Total of $1,360,000 AUD)

2017: Griffith University Research Infrastructure Program (GURIP). Understanding Australasian Rock Art through Archaeological Science (Chief Investigator with Jilian Huntley and Paul Taçon) (175,150 AUD)

2014: Australian Research Council (ARC), Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities scheme. Innovative isotopic techniques to study the response of soil and water resources to modern and past climate change – LE140100023 (Chief Investigator with Anthony Dosseto, and 12 others) (360,000 AUD) plus 700,000 AUD from administering and partner organisations

2012: Research Infrastructure Block Grants (RIBG) Surface Area Analyser with Applications to Geoscience, Archaeology, Material Sciences and Engineering (Chief Investigator with Anthony Dosseto and 24 others) (74,750 AUD)

2012: Research Infrastructure Block Grants (RIBG) Hand-Held XRF Analytical Facility (Chief Investigator with Allen Nutman and 7 others) (50,000 AUD)

Fellowships (Total of $1,378,000 AUD)

2017-2021: Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellowship (855,000 AUD) included in Research Grant

2014-16: Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) (278,000 AUD) included in Research Grant

2011-13: Australian Research Council (ARC) Australian Postdoctoral Fellowship (APD) (245,000 AUD) included in Research Grant

Scholarships (Total of ~$151,000 AUD)

2004-7: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) 90,000 CAD (103,191 AUD)

2004-7: Makivik Corporation  30,000 CAD  (34,397 AUD)

2001: Université Laval 10,000 CAD  (13,538 AUD)

Academic Distinctions

  • Vice Chancellor's Research Excellence Award - Outstanding Research Achievement, Griffith University (2014)
  • Early Career Research Award, Arts, Education and Law Group, Griffith University (2014)

Laboratory Expertise

Preparation of samples, operation and interpretation of results from the following analytical chemistry techniques:

·     Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry with Multi Collectors MC-ICPMS (solution and laser ablation; uranium-series and strontium isotopes)

·     Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry ICPMS (solution and laser ablation)

·     Sensitive High Resolution Ion Micro Probe SHRIMP (oxygen isotopes)

·     Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS (radiocarbon)

·     X-Ray Fluorescence XRF

·     X-Ray Diffraction XRD

·     Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy FTIR

·     Scanning Electron Microscopy - Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis SEM - EDXA

Postgraduate Research Supervision


Samuel Dix (in progress). Hands across the Nation: Culture of Contact: the impact of contact period encounters on rock art, wooden object and bark painting depictions from the Northern  Territory.PhD of Archaeology, School of Humanities, Griffith University. Co-supervision with Paul Taçon and Sally May (Griffith University)

Irina Ponomareva (in progress). Archaeological Investigation of Rock Art In the Altai, Siberia, PhD of Archaeology School of Humanities, Griffith University. Co-supervision with Paul Taçon (Griffith University)

Andrea Jalandoni (2018). Archaeological Investigation of Rock Art In the Philippines. PhD of Archaeology, School of Humanities, Griffith University. Co-supervision with Paul Taçon (Griffith University)

Ashley Martin (2016). Rates of Earth Surface Processes Constrained by Uranium-series Isotopes. PhD of Earth Sciences, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong. Co-supervision with Anthony Dosseto (University of Wollongong, Australia)

Jillian Huntley (2015) Messages in Paint: An Archaeometric Investigation of the Rock Art of the North-Western Kimberley, Western Australia. PhD of Archaeology, School of Humanities,University of New England, Armidale Co-supervision with June Ross (University of New England, Australia)

Jennifer Milani (2010). Unveiling Rock Art Images: A Pilot Project Innovatively Employing Geophysical Techniques to Detect Magnetic Signatures. Unpublished Master of Archaeology thesis, Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide. Co-supervision with Ian Moffat and Amy Roberts (Flinders University, Australia)